Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

Chapter 16: Order Without Control

Posted on: June 26th, 2017 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

Our book discussion on Finding Church continues with chapter 16.

If you’ve never seen it work, it is hard to imagine how Jesus can bring order to his family without the need for human management. So much of our management tactics are designed to mitigate those who would exploit the body of Christ for their own needs, but employing them gives us a short-term answer at the expense of long-term freedom and life.

Human management is a scheme of the old creation and as such it will always fail over time. While men and women of great character and compassion can do fairly well with it for a season, their tacts will trend away from a growing dependence on Jesus and a trust that love transforms people and gravitate toward policies and rules that will do more to harm than help.

Many fear the only other option, however, is chaos. Everyone does what is best in their self-interest and that is true of people living in the old order. But those who embrace the transformative love of Christ will find love and respect more fruitful building blocks to the community of the new creation. But to do that you have to trust that Jesus, by his Spirit, can manage the growing community.

Excerpt from Chapter 16:

When people who are on a spiritual journey get near each other, the church takes expression. He had no idea what simple joy and life could come out of being together and how fruitful it would be, not only for that week but also for years to come because of the new friendships that were formed. I’ve had the joy of watching a web of relationships grow around the world and see how those connections enrich Christ’s work and allow us to see him more fully.

For that to continue, however, we all have to resist the temptation to throw a structure around it and start monthly, quarterly, or yearly meetings. By doing so we sow the seeds for a new faction in the family and seriously damage the spontaneity of his work by putting a human agenda to it. As excited as I was to be part of this Wicklow gathering a few years ago, I was thrilled that at its end no one pressed to make it a yearly event or formalize a network. There have been other gatherings in other places as people felt inspired to plan and host them, but there has been no attempt to get the same people together at the same place. In fact many on this journey have a hesitation to repeat anything only because it was wonderful the first time, given our propensity to value routine over reality. Tradition is the attempt to get God to repeat something he did once, again and again to the same results. But the breath of the Spirit is too unique for such attempts and we only end up capturing ourselves in routines long after he has moved on.

You can find the discussion board here and see the list of topics we’ve covered. You can start at Chapter 1 and work your way through, or just join us in Chapter 16.

Finding Church is Now Available in a French Translation

Posted on: May 29th, 2017 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

Finding Church is now available in French as Découvrir l’église, thanks to the translation work of a dear friend of mine, Silvio Viotti from Switzerland.  He has translated many of my books into French as an act of love for the French-speaking world. Thank you, Silvio, for your service to the Gospel in this way. I hear from so many who are touched by the availability of these books in French. The evangelical community in France is incredibly small and those looking outside the borders of the traditional congregation are even smaller. So these don’t sell in great quantities there, but they do provide some encouragement to those who are learning to live more freely in the life of Jesus.

If you know anyone who wants FINDING CHURCH in French, they can find it here.  It is only 9€ for a copy. (They also have He Loves Me as Il M’aime! and So You Don’t Want to Go to Church Anymore as Alors tu ne veux plus aller à l’église?)

It is also available in GermanDutch, and Spanish as Encontrando a la Iglesia in free PDF Download.  You can find links to all our international translations here.

In addition to the original book in English, it is also available by audio through Audibles and iTunes. Also, there are a number of us doing a study through Finding Church, just about to start Chapter 15 at the Lifestream Discussion Forum.  You can join us where we are or start back at the beginning.

Chapter 14: Gatherings Without Meetings

Posted on: April 12th, 2017 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

Let’s move on to chapter 14 in our book discussion of Finding Church: Gatherings Without Meetings. Most of our engagements with other Christians have come in meetings, regulated from the front with an agenda or ritual that must be served. No wonder our focus is on accomplishing tasks more than it is to grow in Jesus-centered friendships with other people.

Isn’t it interesting that Jesus never organized or held any kind of routine meeting? Instead he spent time with people wherever he engaged them, on a street, in a home, on the beach, in a boat, or on a walk.  Those environments gave him all he needed to help them discover the life of the kingdom and to engage the relationships that would best encourage them.  That’s not to say meetings are evil, but that the community of church life is best discovered in more relational settings.  This chapter takes a look at switching our focus from meetings controlled from the front, to growing friendships that share the life and priority of Jesus.

Excerpt from Chapter 14:

The signal of church life is not easily found in large meetings of like-minded people, but in the engagements of growing friendships. Success is measured not by the size of the group but by the quality of relationships. Instead of complicating people’s time with meetings and commitments, real church life is more readily experienced with authentic friendships in informal settings that don’t require large resources to drive centralized programs.

You can’t share life with hundreds of people sitting in a managed group. You can share a cause, a task even, but relationships won’t grow for the lack of time and energy to explore them. Isn’t that why people feel so disconnected in large congregations and complain that the relationships they do have remain superficial?

You can find the discussion board here and see the list of topics we’ve covered. You can start at Chapter 1 and work your way through, or just join us in Chapter 14.

 

 

Chapter 13: Devotion Without Obligation

Posted on: February 20th, 2017 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

Let’s move on to chapter 13 in our book discussion of Finding ChurchDevotion Without Obligation. So much of religion is crafted around fear and guilt, forcing people to do what they “should” do, rather than learning how Jesus passion begins to overrun their own and they actually have a desire to be about the things Jesus is about. That doesn’t mean there are times when we won’t act simply because it is the right thing to do, but by only living out of obligation we unwitting kill the growing affection of God in our hearts.

This chapter invites us to switch gears from doing what we “should” to a growing devotion to Christ that loving others, connecting with them, and walking with them through pain is not our obligation but the overflow of our growing friendship with him.

What would happen if we stopped doing what someone says is mandatory, and started doing what we found engaging? Would do you think, would that that lead us toward greater fleshiness, or toward greater freedom in Christ? And what would be the biggest determining factor in that?

If you see this as something the Spirit has been doing in you or wants to do in you, share how he is doing that in you. I think this is one of the barriers for religious thinkers. They can’t conceive of a kingdom where people will do what is right because he has captured their hearts. They want to hem people in with rules and obligations. But if you’ve met people who embrace a depth of life in Jesus because it fulfills the deepest hunger of their souls, you’ll know how powerful it can be.

People who transform the world live out of endearment not obligation.

Excerpt from Chapter 13:

In fact, making attendance an obligation may already demonstrate that we’ve lost the vitality of real community and have become mired in mundane rituals, demands for conformity, or internal conflicts that alienate people. Jesus talked about his kingdom being a pearl of great price. If people saw its reality, they would give up anything to be part of it. Living in him and sharing that life with others isn’t drudgery. It fulfills the deepest longings of the human heart.

Everything good does not require a commitment to do what we dislike, but to the simple joy of embracing what we truly love. Obligation presumes that our desires are despicable and lauds those who give up their desires to choose painful tasks for God. But what if your deepest desires are Godly?   If he wants your joy to be full then he knows best how to fulfill you. What God identifies as sin are the desires that don’t really belong to us. They have been twisted to offer us immediate gratification or false security, while they lead us down a road to certain destruction— spiritually, relationally, and even physically.

You can find the discussion board here and see the list of topics we’ve covered. You can start at Chapter 1 and work your way through, or just join us in Chapter 13.

Chapter 10: The Family Way

Posted on: October 26th, 2016 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

The book discussion of Finding Church continues on our discussion forum with Chapter 10: The Family Way.  With this chapter we begin the second part of the book, where we can train our eyes tor recognize the church that Jesus is building in the world and how it differs from the one humanity is building. The two can co-exist in the same environment, but the human versions are always preoccupied with corporate realities–doctrines, programs, budgets, policies, and order.

The church Jesus is building has its focus on him and learning to follow him. It prizes love as a way of living, healthy relationships with other believers and the world, and functions is a functional family rather than a corporation.

Seeing the church as a family will help you tune into that reality and then you’ll live in a way that allows you to see and connect with her.

Excerpt from Chapter 10:

In the old creation, people tend to be more self-focused: trying to be loved, rather than loving. They are more preoccupied with meetings and activities than they are with sharing friendship. The relationships they do have are mostly task-based, and only last as long as they are working or meeting together. The family way, however, encourages friendships to flourish because people enjoy being together and genuinely care about one another. They share laughter even through difficult circumstances. They serve one another in times of need, and that even extends to strangers in need who cross their paths.

You can find the discussion board here and see the list of topics we’ve covered. You can start at Chapter 1 and work your way through, or just join us in Chapter 10.

Chapter 9: Loved Into Life

Posted on: October 4th, 2016 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

Our book discussion continues with a look at Chapter 9: Chapters 8, 9, and 10 undermine our presupposition that if we get the community right, it will produce disciples. That’s the hope that underscored all my pastoral work. If we can just get the right program in place and people follow it we will experience the life of the church. But we can’t. The life of the church doesn’t rise from a different structure or program, but from a different kind of believer, one that is growing in their trust of the Father’s affection and thus can live differently and love differently in the world.

The reason this gives us a better shot at relationships is because we aren’t so “needy” in attaching ourselves to others as a lifeline to survive our lives. By securing that line in Father-Son-Spirit, we find true freedom and are thus free to celebrate that life with others. That’s what makes up the community.

That’s not to say Christians shouldn’t get together until they are won into his love, but that the focus of our gatherings early on might be on how we recognize and embrace Father’s affection. The seedbed of the church is an effective discipleship that helps engage people with him. The church is not individualistic at all, but it begins in the heart of an individual that wants to connect in a real way with God. This chapter describes the fruit of that engagement.

Excerpt:

It may be what John referred to when he said, “We know and rely on the love God has for us.” (I John 4:16) Some translations draw out a deeper meaning: “We have come to know . . . ,” indicating a process. So often our confidence in his love is thwarted by our fears and doubts and circumstances we don’t understand. I love the picture of an older John rejoicing that at last he had “come to know” and “come to rely” on the love God had for him.

I am continually amazed at the places my growing confidence in Father’s love leads me. How great can it grow? I don’t know, but I look forward to each day to discover what new freedom overtakes me and how that leads to treating others differently. Three words help me recognize God’s gravity that replaces the pressures of the world: compassion, trust, and rest. As these emerge from our growing relationship with God, we’ll find it easier to cooperate with God’s working. They are the headwaters that allow us to join the flow of his church.

You can find the discussion board here and see the list of topics we’ve covered. You can start at Chapter 1 and work your way through, or just join us in Chapter 9.

A Whole Lot More Than We Realize

Posted on: September 23rd, 2016 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

I got this email this morning from and friend of mine in England and I love it. This exactly how Jesus knits his family together. And wouldn’t that be the best way for him to do it? He doesn’t need facilities or long-term planning. He can at any moment bring two or three of his flock together and anything can happen that lightens a load, encourages someone’s journey, or just blesses them in a wonderful way even if they never cross paths in this life again.

Here’s the story in Robin’s own words:

I’m so thrilled and excited at what I’m learning about community that I had to share it with somebody, and as you understand some of these things, well, here it is:

Because the institution has taught us to see things in tangible ways that can be seen and measured and controlled, I think many times we encounter God but don’t realise it. Real fellowship and community is the work of the Holy Spirit. He causes two or more people to interact and edify one another in ways that affect us for eternity.

For instance, my wife and I were in New York earlier this year. We went shopping, which I hate but cooperated with graciously, but as we left the mall I noticed a large guitar shop (actually, I noticed it on the way in) and I my turn for a bit of recreation: a chance to play on a really expensive guitar which I could never afford to own. Well I played a bit of blues and noticed a black guy next to me joining in with me. When we finished we got talking and it turns out he was originally British but had lived in the States since the seventies. So we discussed everything British from a sixties/seventies school boys perspective. The TV shows we watched, soccer, music, we remembered it all.

After about 20 mins, another black guy around our age came over and joined in the conversation. He too, was a Brit who’d lived in the States since the seventies, and had originally also lived in North London, just a couple of miles away from where the first guy had lived. We were all amazed. We all continued to chat about England in the old times, and about the changes that had occurred and how things had turned out.

After what might have been an hour, I came to say goodbye to these guys who I strangely felt I knew in a deep way. It turns out that both of those guys are believers and there is no doubt in my mind that the Lord orchestrated our meeting. He had gathered us together and He had been in the midst. Even though we’d not opened in prayer, sung a hymn or even mentioned God (not until we left at least). We had had had communion in the Holy Spirit that impacted me to such an extent that I can’t talk about it (or write) without shedding a tear.

Then I ask the question: how often has the Lord brought me in contact with other believers whilst travelling; at the bus stop, on a train, or in a shop. And as we’ve chatted He has ‘ministered’ to me and through me, as we mutually encouraged one another?

That leads another question: is it possible that knowing that the other person is a Christian can actually hinder real fellowship? Sometimes as soon as people find out your a Christian they go weird on you; the defensive or religious.

All that makes me think I’ve possibly been having more community than I realize. And that the biggest hindrance to real fellowship could well be me. Ouch!

In the past month or two I’ve come across a bunch of Christians who live within five minutes walk who struggle with attending church and who see things very much as I do. They are fairly new believers but their faith is refreshing in many ways. They are always in each others houses, sharing stuff and looking out for one another.

I often miss my wife and long to be with her in China. I miss China. I miss my friends there. Many times I have asked, what am I doing here?

I think the question should be: What are You doing here, Lord?

And the answer to that is: a whole lot more than we realise!

Uitgeverij Shama Releases FINDING CHURCH in Dutch

Posted on: August 23rd, 2016 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

Uitgeverij Shama, publisher of two of Wayne’s other books has just released Finding Church in Dutch. It is called, ZOEKTOCHT NAAR DE LEAVENED KERK: Wat als er nu echt meer is? I have no idea what that says, but it sounds close to the original. I’m always blessed when other publishers consider that one of my books will have value in their countries as well. I’ve worked with the Publisher there in the past and am excited about this new edition.

Now Finding Church is available in English, Spanish, German, and Dutch and will soon be released in French as well. To order the book, or link to the publishers of any of these translations, please check our Order Page.

And if you’d like to join our ongoing Discussion Forum about this book, we’re on chapter 6 and you can join in here. I’ve enjoyed resisting the themes of this book as others are processing it in their own journeys.

Chapter 6: The Undeniable Longing

Posted on: August 15th, 2016 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

Our Book Discussion on Finding Church continues at the Lifestream Discuss Forum.  You’re welcome to join us, or just read over our shoulder as we work our way through that book.  Discussion for the first five chapters are already there. Today we begin Chapter Six:  The Undeniable Longing.

For some people the longing for “something more” seems so out of reach, and everyone else seems so content that they simply try to make the best of what is and fall into a spiritual stagnation that leaves them unfulfilled. For others, they can’t seem to abate the longing. Try as they might to ignore it, knowing the cost of following it is great, but it continues to grow and invite them down the road less traveled. What’s the difference? Why do some people go on this journey and others content themselves with an unfulfilling status quo?

Excerpt from Chapter 6:

When that longing surfaces either as a hunger for something more real, or as a restlessness that something is wrong, it presents us with a critical moment of choice. Do I stick to the comfort of what I’ve always known or take the risk to follow my heart into a more undefined place? Unfortunately most people will encourage you to suppress your hunger. I’ve talked to hundreds of church leaders who have had similar moments of being pulled between what Scripture invited them to and what they have to do to keep their institutional position. Many have told me they would love to embrace a different reality but can’t figure out how to make it work. With sad and heavy eyes, they’ve turned to me, “I’ve decided just to make the best of what I already have.”

I did that, too, for way too many years, settling into a comfortable, though often lifeless, regimen and ignoring the deeper call of my heart. There were always enough breadcrumbs in the routine to give me enough hope that if we could just find the right alignment all would be well. For a long time I thought it was my fault, knowing how lazy I could be as well as the temptations and motivations that rumbled just beneath the surface. I kept trying harder to be a better person. As genuine as that may seem it always proved a side road back into the swamp of failed self-effort and frustration.

Book Discussion Moves On to Chapter Two

Posted on: May 26th, 2016 by Wayne Jacobsen 2 Comments

Two weeks ago I began a book discussion group that will work through Finding Church, hoping to spur people on not only to recognize the church Jesus is building in the world but to learn how to recognize it around them and participate as he desires.  Every two weeks we will take on a new chapter.  You can catch up on chapter one if you want, or just join us on chapter 2, The Community of a New Creation.

The first chapter was about opening our eyes to the idea that a better church is in the world than the one most people see. The second chapter challenges us to look to relationships that reflect his glory to help us see the reality of his church. When our passion shifts from trying to change our broken institutions, to celebrate the relationships of love that God stirs around us, we will be more free to embrace the church Jesus is building.

Excerpt:

Jesus’ church is not a human creation. Rather, it is the fruit of the relationships of those who are part of a new creation—the redeemed race of humanity that relates to him as the head… It’s just that our conformity-based structures cannot produce the internal transformation necessary for the church to take shape among us.”

Over a hundred people have signed up to share their insights and probe questions that will help them embrace the reality of his work in the world. You can join us too, whether you simply want to read the stories and insights of others, or participate by sharing your own journey.

You can find the forum here.  You can read entries without registering, but to participate in the forum you will need to register.  Grab a cup of coffee, or a cold drink and come join us every week or two and let’s explore the book together.

 

The Church Didn’t Begin With Jesus?

Posted on: January 20th, 2015 by Wayne Jacobsen 3 Comments

questionmarkIt’s one of the strangest teachings I’ve heard about the church, that it didn’t begin with Jesus and thus we can’t look to his example for what the church should be like, but rather begin with Paul. They think Jesus’ words were only for first-century Jews living under the law and discount his example for us. Here’s how Gary asked the question in a recent email:

I didn’t think I could feel this way about a “Christian” book anymore. Definition without dogma, so difficult to do! I can’t read it in one setting; it’s too far reaching. Spectacular comes to mind. Invigorating.

I had a realization recently in response to one of your thoughts, “Maybe Jesus gave us all we need to know to experience Church as He is building it”. I realized that we were taught a few things that conflict with that: that the “church-age” began when Jesus sent the Holy Spirit and that Paul was more the founder of church-life thru revelation of Jesus Christ than Jesus Himself was. That’s why Paul’s writings have a lot of “intentional-meeting-support-stuff” in them: Do you see this as a conflict?

When you suggested that maybe Jesus lived-out all we have need to see to live as the Church, I had a hmmmm–that’s interesting? And a hmmmm, that changes a lot!

I’ve heard and taught a lot of things fulfilled in the finished work of Jesus Christ but, establishing a picture of “church-life” is not one of them. That idea is a big deal. There’s a big difference between looking predominantly at Paul’s life as founder thru Jesus’ revelation, and Jesus as founder & practitioner of disciple making in His earthly life & ministry.

RESPONSE
I’ll be honest. I’ve heard people say that the church did not begin until Pentecost, but I’m unconvinced of the hermeneutic involved. I don’t know why people wish to make that distinction. Jesus brought the kingdom and the church is the fruit of that kingdom. If we focus on Paul’s language about church without the reality of the kingdom we’ll end up with the human-managed institutions we do today. I don’t divorce what Jesus said or did as our example for the life of his church, which is his family and his bride. Why would we?

Of those I know who espouse that view they are looking to negate the influence of Jesus in deference to Paul. That doesn’t make sense to me. Jesus is the Founder, the Cornerstone, the Head. Why wouldn’t he be our chief example, and Paul the one showing us how it fleshed out in the early decades of the church taking shape.?

I don’t think there is “a lot” in Paul of intentional-meeting-support stuff. Maybe more than Jesus talked of it, but there still isn’t much. There is far more about relationship and his example in Acts is about dialog not monolog. Honestly there’s nothing in the Gospels or Acts that commend our mini-concert, mini-lecture institutions that use the tools of conformity to help administrate a transformative based community. There’s the conflict. We can have elders, gatherings, support, and care, without our human-engineered systems if people learn to live in him and respond to the will of the Head.

If anyone can help me see a good reason to skip Jesus and go to Paul for an understanding of the church, I’d be all ears. But as of yet I haven’t heard that case in any way that makes sense to the story of Scripture and the person of Christ. So, yes, I see a lot of conflict if we skip the example of Jesus in deference to Paul. But maybe that’s what we’ve been doing for two thousand years, neglecting the example of Christ and trying to follow our interpretations of Paul’s words instead.

Now Available as an Audio Book!

Posted on: December 12th, 2014 by Wayne Jacobsen 3 Comments

FC200Imagine you laying back in your easier chair or being caught in an exasperating commute to work and me sitting right beside you reading to you from Finding Church. OK, that doesn’t even sound fun to me. I wouldn’t sit next to you and read, we would get to talk. But the audio version of Finding Church is now available for download, so you can listen to me read it even though I won’t be right there beside you. Maybe we’ll get that chance up the road sometime.
If you’d like to listen to a sample, you will find Chapter 17, “Unity Without Conformity” on the blog at Lifestream. This is the high point of the book, in my view. It demonstrates not only the answer to Jesus’ prayer, but also why our attempts to produce unity through conformity are destined to fail.
If you’d like top purchase the audiobook you can do so from Amazon.com or Audible.com, or download it thorugh iTunes.
Happy listening!

I Didn’t Think I Could Feel This Way

Posted on: November 12th, 2014 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

FCSwirlthmbA special thanks to those of you who’ve written to me about your experience with Finding Church, and for those who’ve posted reviews on Amazon.com. I’m really blessed to hear how this book is resonating with your journey.

Here’s a sampling from last week:

Gary:

I didn’t think I could feel this way about a “Christian” book anymore. Definition without dogma, so difficult to do! I can’t read it in one setting; it’s too far reaching. Spectacular comes to mind. Invigorating.

Anne:

This is what the world is hungry for, desperate for, a depth of reality and truth that when they scratch the surface they find more and not less, they find a compassionate, broken yet whole Church who know what it is to be LOVED, and without agenda or arrogance spread the fragrance of the One who makes it possible. So the journey is on, from the desert to the City whose builder is God, You have marked the path with Finding Church. More than breadcrumbs, it is a clearly marked less traveled road.

Harvey:

I just finished reading Finding Church. I love how His truths become clearer over time as we simply walk with Him in what we do understand. This is new space and I am treading softly in it but enjoying it immensely!!!! Your book has resonated so deeply with me and the Journey I am on I can hardly believe we just met and I have only heard about you for about a year now.

You have written of things I have seen in visions and dreams and heard from the Father in private and yet it is being broadcast all over the world!!! My heart can hardly contain the joy this brings to me! There is no doubt His Kingdom has expanded because of this book. The aroma of the Father I am coming to know wafts from the pages! It was like taking all the best from all of your books and putting it into a story that unveils His bride in a way I have never seen done with words!

Thank you for the great work of love it took to complete and publish it! I am looking forward to a second read to glean what I overlooked this time around!

In as Well as Out

Posted on: October 27th, 2014 by Wayne Jacobsen No Comments

steepleI have spent the last twenty years with people all over the world who have given up on the ability to experience a robust community life inside a managed institution.  Most of them have been there for years, many even led them, but found that the priorities of a conformity-based institution proved to be a distraction to real spiritual growth and community.  But in those twenty years I’ve also spent time with people who also find that robust community inside traditional congregations. Most often that goes on in relationships beyond the program, though there are still many who hold out hope that the institutional elements don’t have to win out over more relational priorities.  I root for them, too!

Even though I’ve found more freedom to live this life of Jesus outside the walls of the religious institutions I grew up in, I always chafe when the discussion turns to an “us versus them” battle of those who “go to church” or those who don’t, as if one side is closer to Jesus than the other.  It’s a false argument and works against Jesus’ desire to bring all of us together under one head.  That’s why I’m incredibly blessed when I hear how this book is connecting with those who are part of traditional congregations as well as those who do not. I hope the themes are compelling enough to blur those lines so that we can connect with our brothers and sisters wherever they may be and engage a growing conversation that gets to the heart of Jesus’ church as she takes shape in our world.

Recently a friend called me to ask if my hears had been burning earlier that morning.  I responded that they hadn’t. He then told me I had been mentioned from the pulpit of a Mennonite church in central California where he had been that morning.  Their preacher that morning was a retired professor of Old Testament studies from a Biblical Seminary who had read the book.  He recommended that everyone get a copy and let it be part of their dialog.

“I don’t know who he is, but this Jacobsen is quite the writer! He writes in a way that grips you! I’m 84 years old and have only known the institutional church but I know he’s right!”

My friend added that he had had a subsequent discussion with this man about the book.  “He keeps thinking about it. He finds it very provocative.   It was a good time for him to read it because the his church is undergoing some changes and the book charged his batteries on the subject.”

My heart yearns for a wider conversation to grow in the world that seeks to reveal this amazing church Jesus is building around the world and throughout the city in which you live.